1875-1956. Reinhold Moritsovich Gliere born in Kiev on 11 January. Son of a woodwind instrument maker of Belgian extraction. Learned violin from an early age 1891 Entered Kiev Music School to study violin and composition
1894 Became pupil at Moscow Conservatory, studying composition under Taneyev, Ippolitov-Ivanov and Arensky / 1900 Graduated from Moscow Conservatory. Pupils over the following years included Prokofiev, Miaskovsky and Khachaturian / 1905 Lived in Berlin. until 1907, where he studied conducting with Oskar Fried. 1906 Symphony no 1 first performed in England at Queens Hall promenade concert. 1908 Conducting debut in Russia. 1908 Premiere of Symphony no 2. 1908 Premiere of Symphonic Poem The Sirens. 1911 Completed Symphony no 3. 1913 Appointed Professor at Kiev Conservatory. 1914 Appointed Director at Kiev Conservatory. 1920 Appointed Professor of Composition at Moscow Conservatory, a post held until retirement in 1941.1927 International popularity came with the Ballet The Red Poppy. 1937 Awarded the Order of the Red Banner.
1938 Chairman of the Management Committee of the Moscow Union of Composers, until 1948. 1938 Named People's Artist of the USSR. 1941 Retired. 1956 Died in Moscow on 23 June.